{#AtoZChallenge} Zodiac of Dendera

The concept of the zodiac was invented by the Babylonians in the 5th century B.C., then taken up by the Greeks, and finally appeared in Egypt at the end of the 3rd century B.C. The first depiction of the zodiac signs in Egyptian art was on the astronomical ceiling of the tomb of Senenmut, chief … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Zodiac of Dendera

{#AtoZChallenge} Egypt

Ancient Egypt existed in a landscape of extremes. Around 5,000 B.C., climate change turned the Sahara grasslands into a vast desert, and nomadic hunter-gatherers were pushed toward the Nile Valley. Through the Nile Valley flows a river that runs 56 miles long before reaching the Delta. There, the river traverses into seven branches. At the … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Egypt

{#AtoZChallenge} Axes and Other Egyptian Weapons

The earliest arms differed little from hunting weapons and craftsmen’s tools. Bows, knives, and axes were sufficient enough to halt any local rebellion or conquer a neighboring area along Egypt’s border. However, as Egypt expanded its influence, Egyptians started to arm their military with maces, daggers, throw sticks, and spears. In addition, infantries were armed … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Axes and Other Egyptian Weapons

{#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Writing

In ancient Egypt, writing was considered to have magical properties, where written words breathed life into reality. And there was no more important job than that of the scribe. To form the sacred symbols known as hieroglyphs, ancient Egyptians took their inspiration from the world around them: animals, plants, natural elements, household objects, and buildings. … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Writing

{#AtoZChallenge} Ujat or Wadjet

The Ujat, more commonly known as Wadjet or Eye of Horus, was a powerful symbol in ancient Egypt. It was frequently displayed on jewelry made of gold, silver, lapis, wood, porcelain, and carnelian. It was believed to have healing and protective powers. In use of notation of measurement, the symbol was divided into six fractions, … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Ujat or Wadjet

{#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Temples and Priests

The Egyptian temples that have survived until today tend to date back to the New Kingdom. They were known as “the houses of the gods.” Even the word for temple is ancient Egyptian, hwt-netjer, means “the god’s home.” When approaching a temple, one starts by walking along the processional way or avenue, which are often … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Temples and Priests

{#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Stone Quarries

Without stone quarries, there would be no amazing pyramids or exotic temples. Egyptians had been quarrying stone as early as 40,000 years ago, their stonemasons mastering even the hardest stone. The most harvested stone was limestone; however, there were quarries for red, grey, and black granite as well as diorite. From these quarries, the ancient … Continue reading {#AtoZChallenge} Egyptian Stone Quarries