Valley of the Kings

Since the beginning of the New Kingdom, pharaohs were no longer buried in pyramids. Instead, they were placed in tombs that were cut into the cliffs of the Valley of the Kings. The Valley of the Kings consists of two remote, desert valleys that come together on the west bank of the Nile, across from … Continue reading Valley of the Kings

Ujat or Wadjet

The Ujat, more commonly known as Wadjet or Eye of Horus, was a powerful symbol in ancient Egypt. It was frequently displayed on jewelry made of gold, silver, lapis, wood, porcelain, and carnelian. It was believed to have healing and protective powers. In use of notation of measurement, the symbol was divided into six fractions, … Continue reading Ujat or Wadjet

Egyptian Temples and Priests

The Egyptian temples that have survived until today tend to date back to the New Kingdom. They were known as “the houses of the gods.” Even the word for temple is ancient Egyptian, hwt-netjer, means “the god’s home.” When approaching a temple, one starts by walking along the processional way or avenue, which are often … Continue reading Egyptian Temples and Priests

Set (Seth), God of the Desert and Chaos

Greek Name: Seth Egyptian Name: Set Associated Animal: Set animal (Sha) Main Cult Center: Ombos Naqada Role: Chaos; infertility; desert; storms As you can guess, Set plays a major role in the Descendants of Isis series. The god himself making an appearance in the final novel. But Set is a very complicated character, both in … Continue reading Set (Seth), God of the Desert and Chaos

Ra, Sun God

Greek Name: N/A Egyptian Name: Ra; Re Associated Animal/Object: Falcon; sun disk Main Cult Center: Heliopolis Role: Creator; solar Ra is an essential background character in the Descendants of Isis, for it is his secret name which Natara and Seth have to protect from Set. The Egyptians considered the sun to be a potent life … Continue reading Ra, Sun God

Egyptian Stone Quarries

Without stone quarries, there would be no amazing pyramids or exotic temples. Egyptians had been quarrying stone as early as 40,000 years ago, their stonemasons mastering even the hardest stone. The most harvested stone was limestone; however, there were quarries for red, grey, and black granite as well as diorite. From these quarries, the ancient … Continue reading Egyptian Stone Quarries

Egyptian Pyramids

It took the ancient Egyptians about 400 years to progress from using building materials such as wood, reeds, and mudbrick to smooth-sided pyramids. The first building in the world constructed completely in stone was the Step Pyramid, designed by Imhotep for King Djoser. The Step Pyramid was developed from the mudbrick royal mastabas (mounds that … Continue reading Egyptian Pyramids

Osiris (Asir), God of the Dead and Agriculture

Greek Name: Osiris Egyptian Name: Asir; Un-nefer Associated Objects: Crook and Flail; djed -pillar Main Cult Center: Abydos and Busiris Role: Death; Afterlife; Rebirth; Fertility; Agriculture The Osiris myth is the backbone to my series, the Descendants of Isis. Osiris was the first son of Geb (god of the earth) and Nut (goddess of the … Continue reading Osiris (Asir), God of the Dead and Agriculture

Nephthys (Nebthwt), Goddess of Protection and Funerals

Greek Name: Nephthys Egyptian Name: Nebthwt Associated Objects: Basket and enclosure Main Cult Center: Heliopolis, Senu, Hebet, Per-mert, Re-nefert, Het-sekhem, Het-Khas, Ta-kehset, and Diospolite Role: Protection; Funerary Often depicted in human form with a basket on top of an enclosure wall on her head, Nephthys can also be represented by a hawk, a kite (bird), … Continue reading Nephthys (Nebthwt), Goddess of Protection and Funerals

Ma ‘at, Goddess of Truth

Greek Name: Not applicable Egyptian Name: Ma ‘at Associated Objects: Ostrich feature and plinth (stone platform) Main Cult Center: All of Egypt Role: Order; Truth; Justice Ma ‘at was important to the concepts of the universe as well as the balance and divine order in ancient Egypt. Her name translates to “that which is straight.” … Continue reading Ma ‘at, Goddess of Truth