Egyptian Stone Quarries

Without stone quarries, there would be no amazing pyramids or exotic temples. Egyptians had been quarrying stone as early as 40,000 years ago, their stonemasons mastering even the hardest stone. The most harvested stone was limestone; however, there were quarries for red, grey, and black granite as well as diorite. From these quarries, the ancient … Continue reading Egyptian Stone Quarries

Egyptian Pyramids

It took the ancient Egyptians about 400 years to progress from using building materials such as wood, reeds, and mudbrick to smooth-sided pyramids. The first building in the world constructed completely in stone was the Step Pyramid, designed by Imhotep for King Djoser. The Step Pyramid was developed from the mudbrick royal mastabas (mounds that … Continue reading Egyptian Pyramids

Osiris (Asir), God of the Dead and Agriculture

Greek Name: Osiris Egyptian Name: Asir; Un-nefer Associated Objects: Crook and Flail; djed -pillar Main Cult Center: Abydos and Busiris Role: Death; Afterlife; Rebirth; Fertility; Agriculture The Osiris myth is the backbone to my series, the Descendants of Isis. Osiris was the first son of Geb (god of the earth) and Nut (goddess of the … Continue reading Osiris (Asir), God of the Dead and Agriculture

Nephthys (Nebthwt), Goddess of Protection and Funerals

Greek Name: Nephthys Egyptian Name: Nebthwt Associated Objects: Basket and enclosure Main Cult Center: Heliopolis, Senu, Hebet, Per-mert, Re-nefert, Het-sekhem, Het-Khas, Ta-kehset, and Diospolite Role: Protection; Funerary Often depicted in human form with a basket on top of an enclosure wall on her head, Nephthys can also be represented by a hawk, a kite (bird), … Continue reading Nephthys (Nebthwt), Goddess of Protection and Funerals

Ma ‘at, Goddess of Truth

Greek Name: Not applicable Egyptian Name: Ma ‘at Associated Objects: Ostrich feature and plinth (stone platform) Main Cult Center: All of Egypt Role: Order; Truth; Justice Ma ‘at was important to the concepts of the universe as well as the balance and divine order in ancient Egypt. Her name translates to “that which is straight.” … Continue reading Ma ‘at, Goddess of Truth

The Egyptian Language

In Seth O’Keefe’s world, the speech of Egypt (re-en-Kam) never died. The Sons of Set use it in their daily rituals to appease their god and for the spells they cast. Thanks to Sir Budge, I was able to come close to what the Egyptian language might have sounded like within these chapters. In truth, … Continue reading The Egyptian Language

Ka (The Egyptian Life Force)

Ka is the essence that makes the difference between the living and the dead. The concept of ka had undergone changes over the millennia and had different meanings depending on the social settings. Various translations include soul, life-force, and will. The closest translation in English is “life-creating force.” It was portrayed in several ways: a … Continue reading Ka (The Egyptian Life Force)

Horus (Heru), God of the Sky and Kingship

Greek Name: Horus Egyptian Name: Heru Associated Animal: Falcon Main Cult Center: Edfu, Hierakonpolis, Behdet Role: Sky; Kingship Horus himself appears only once in my series, Descendants of Isis; however, the Eye of Horus plays a major role within the novel. The name Horus translates into “he who is above” or “that which is above,” … Continue reading Horus (Heru), God of the Sky and Kingship